- Written by Marcel Gemme C.C.D.C
Cocaine Addiction in Canada
Drug Rehab Services is a no-cost referral agency in Canada for drug and alcohol dependency. We have helped thousands of persons getting the proper help in the following detox and cocaine addiction drug rehab services:
- Cocaine detox
- NA meetings
- Residential treatment for Crack cocaine
- Cocaine outpatient rehabs
- Cocaine intervention
Our goal is to provide you the best advice possible for cocaine addiction clinics so you or a loved one gets a Crack-cocaine-free life. This page covers information on Crack cocaine addiction in Canada.
What is Cocaine Addiction?
In Canada, cocaine addiction has been ravaging the population for many years now. In 2004, 10.6 per cent of the population said they had used cocaine during their lives. And it also showed that two percent had used it recently, which means they are at risk of developing an addiction to cocaine. This is unfortunately 1.2 percent higher than in 1998. In 2002, the school-aged students got surveyed, and they found that the rates were twice as high for the boys as they were for the girls. A survey on the Canadian streets revealed that the rates of cocaine addiction were of 17.3 per cent. This goes to show that young people in the streets struggle with cocaine addiction.
In the province of Quebec, there were, in 2004, about 2.5 per cent of the population that had taken cocaine within the last year, some already have an addiction to cocaine. That’s higher than it was in 1998 by 1.6 per cent. When it comes to teenagers, the rates have stabilized since 2000, with the boys’ rates being a bit higher than the girls. In 2003, a survey was done on young people that are on the streets of Montreal, over 80 percent had used cocaine at least once, and 11.2 percent said that they were actively using it. According to a statistic on the number of people hospitalized in Quebec due to cocaine addiction, 59 percent of those people were men.
In Ontario, the students of the province took part in a survey in 2004 and 2005. The results showed that the number of students who had used cocaine the preceding year had gone down a little but had overall stabilized; it went from 4.8 percent in 2004 to 4.4 percent in 2005. It also seems, according to surveys, that students in Grade 11 have higher rates than any other grades when it comes to past-year cocaine usage. 7.2 percent of Grade 11 students had used cocaine within the last year and 25 percent of those showed symptoms of cocaine addiction, such as regular use. Toronto has also seen an increase when it comes to cocaine use; it went from 1.1 percent in 1993 to 4 percent in 2003.
Cocaine is a very addictive drug, and can come in many forms. Crack cocaine is one of the most popular kinds of cocaine and is also one of the most addictive. At first, people usually develop a psychological addiction because of the high that cocaine provides. However, as one goes on using cocaine, a physical addiction develops for the drug. This means that the more one goes on using cocaine, the harder it is to quit the drug and effectively fight their cocaine addiction.
Where Can I Find a Cocaine Addiction Treatment?
There are several places where you can find help for cocaine addiction in Canada, such as drug rehab and other treatments. There are different settings such as residential, outpatient, etc. Is a detox needed? One of our counselors can do an assessment and give you the best option for you or someone you love. Let us help you.
Cocaine Street Name: "coke," "C," "snow," "flake," or "blow."
Cocaine Description: Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant that directly affects the brain. Cocaine has been labeled the drug of the 1980s and '90s, because of its extensive popularity and use during this period. However, cocaine is not a new drug. In fact, it is one of the oldest known drugs. The pure chemical, cocaine hydrochloride, has been an abused substance for more than 100 years and coca leaves, the source of cocaine, have been ingested for thousands of years.
Pure cocaine was first extracted from the leaf of the Erythroxylon coca bush, which grows primarily in Peru and Bolivia, in the mid-19th century. In the early 1900s, it became the main stimulant drug used in most of the tonics/elixirs that were developed to treat a wide variety of illnesses. Today, cocaine is adrug, meaning that it has a high potential for abuse.
There are basically two chemical forms of cocaine: the hydrochloride salt and the "freebase." The hydrochloride salt, or powdered form of cocaine, dissolves in water and when abused, can be taken intravenously (by vein) or intra nasally (in the nose). Freebase refers to a compound that has not been neutralized by an acid to make the hydrochloride salt. The freebase form of cocaine is smoked.
Cocaine is generally sold on the street as a fine, white, crystalline powder. Street dealers usually dilute it with such inert substances as cornstarch, talcum powder, and/or sugar, or with such active drugs as procaine (a chemically-related local anesthetic) or with such other stimulants as amphetamines.
Cocaine Street Use: snorted, smoked, intravenous injection.
Cocaine Dependency: High risk
Cocaine Addiction Withdrawal Symptoms:
Cocaine withdrawal symptoms include but are not limited to:
- Intense craving for the drug
- Extreme fatigue
- Lack of motivation
- Muscle pain
- Disturbed sleep
As opposed to earlier beliefs, elevated dose use of cocaine can be detected as long as 10 to 22 days after last use.
Almost half of all drug-related emergency-room visits are related to cocaine abuse.
The annual amount of new cocaine users has generally risen over time. In 1975, there were 30,000 new users. The amount rose from 300,000 in 1986 to 361,000 in 2000.
Percentage of cocaine use by college students during the previous five years has varied between 2.0% of all students in 1994 to 4.8% in 2000.
Of high school seniors in 2001, 8.2% admitted having ever tried cocaine.
From 1997 to 2000, cocaine was the most frequent substance reported in emergency-room episodes.
Cocaine use among men is nearly twice then women. Based upon additional information sources, the office of National Drug Control Policy estimates the amount of chronic cocaine users at 3.6 million.
Adults between 18 and 25 years of age currently have the highest rate of cocaine use than any other age group.
90% of cocaine users smoked, drank, or used cannabis prior to trying cocaine.
In 1988, almost 300,000 kids were born with cocaine addiction.
Overdose Risk: The dosage and method of use that can cause a cocaine overdose differs from individual to individual. The effects of overdose are extremely intense and, usually, short in nature. Even though uncommon, fatalities have been recorded from a cocaine overdose due to: seizures, heart attack, brain hemorrhage, kidney failure, stroke and repeated convulsions.
Cocaine Legal Status: Cocaine is an illegal drug. It can be administered by a doctor for legitimate medical uses, such as a local anesthetic for some eye, ear, and throat surgeries.