- Written by Marcel Gemme C.C.D.C
Heroin Addiction in Canada
Drug Rehab Services is a no cost referral agency in Canada for drug and alcohol dependency. We have helped thousands of persons getting the proper help in the following detox and heroin drug rehab services:
- Heroin detox
- NA meetings
- Residential treatment for Heroin
- Heroin outpatient rehabs
- Heroin intervention
Our goal is to provide you the best advice possible for Heroin addiction treatment clinics so you or a loved one get a Heroin free life. This page covers information on heroin addiction in Canada.
What is Heroin Addiction?
Heroin addiction has been present in Canada for a very long time. In 2004, a survey was made and it was found that almost 1 % of the Canadian population had used heroin. Furthermore, in 2003, according to a study, 26 % of the injection drug users were injecting heroin. In 1999, a survey made in Toronto, Ontario revealed that 11 % of the youth said they were struggling with heroin addiction. When it comes to drug abuse treatment in Toronto, about 2 % of the people admitted into drug rehab centers reported heroin addiction which is better compared to the 11 % a decade before. In Ontario, the percentage of heroin lifetime use is almost 1 %, which is the same as the national average while Northwestern Ontario has a rate of 2.4, which is more than double.
Compared to the rest of the Canadian provinces, statistics show a higher rate of heroin addiction in British Columbia. The Northwest Territories is also a bit higher than other provinces with a rate of 1.2 %. In Nova Scotia, the heroin addiction problem is not as present as other parts of Canada; 0.2 % tried heroin at least once in their lifetime. In Alberta, but mostly in Edmonton and Calgary, heroin addiction does exist. The rate of heroin abuse is a little under 2 %, and seeing as heroin is addictive in nature, a high percentage of those people are experiencing heroin addiction.
The province of Quebec also has a situation with heroin drug addiction and those drug users are in dire need of help. In 2004, a study showed that 1.3 % of the people between 12 and 17 years had used heroin in the last year, with boys having a higher rate than girls. In 2003, a survey was done with the youth on the streets of the city of Montreal, and almost 42 % of them had used heroin during their lives. Over 7 % of them stated that they kept using that drug thus developed a heroin addicition.
Heroin is a very addictive drug which very often, due to its side effects, also creates problems for the people around the addict. When somebody starts using heroin, even if it is just for recreational use, the person will easily develop a heroin addiction that could be very hard to quit.
Where Can I Find a Heroin Addiction Treatment?
There are several places where you can find help for heroin addiction in Canada, those are often drug rehab centers. There are different settings such as residential, outpatient drug rehab, etc. Is a detox needed? One of our counselors can do an assessment and give you the best heroin drug addiction treatment option for you or someone you love. Let us help you.
Heroin is a highly addictive drug. It is the most abused addictive substance on the streets. Heroin is made from morphine which is extracted from the Asian poppy plant.
Heroin is normally sold as a white or brownish powder or as a black sticky substance known on the streets as "black tar heroin."
Heroin Street Use: This substance can be injected, snorted (sniffed) or smoked (chased). Injection is the most common method used to deliver its effects rapidly as the drug travels through the blood stream. When injected, the entire amount of heroin enters the blood stream at once, increasing the risk of overdose. Snorting means to inhale the substance so it can travel through the blood stream where it is absorbed by the tissues in the nose. The third method is to smoke the substance which also passes into the blood stream. Snorting and "chasing" can also lead to an overdose. All three ways are potentially life threatening where it can cause long term problems or even death.
Heroin Street Name:"smack", "junk", "dope"
Heroin Effects: Heroin users often report feelings of warmth, well being, euphoria, and contentment. Other effects include: anxiety, mood swings, confusion, paranoia, or a “rush” type of feeling which is followed by a relaxed content state.
Since opiates are painkillers, heroin can reduce or eliminate pain. It can also lead to unconsciousness.
Risks associated with using heroin include becoming violently ill, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, cramps, loss of appetite (malnutrition), drowsiness, constricted pupils, watery eyes, itching, slow or shallow breathing, rapid heart rate, ringing in the ears or head, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, and even death.
With regular heroin use, tolerance develops. This means the abuser must use more heroin to achieve the same intensity or effect as before. As higher doses are used over time, physical dependence and addiction develop. With physical dependence, the body has adapted to the presence of the drug and withdrawal symptoms will occur if use is reduced or stopped.
Heroin Dependency: Highly addictive.
Heroin Addiction Withdrawal Symptoms: Heroin withdrawal symptoms are some of the nastiest an addict can experience compared to withdrawal from any other drugs. The individual who has become physically as well as psychologically dependent on heroin will experience extreme withdrawal with an abrupt discontinuation of use or even a decrease in their daily amount of heroin taken. The onset of heroin withdrawal symptoms begin six to eight hours after the last dose is administrated. Major heroin withdrawal symptoms peak between 48 and 72 hours after the last dose of heroin and subdue after about one week. The symptoms of heroin withdrawal produced are similar to a case of bad flu.
Symptoms of heroin addiction withdrawal include but are not limited to:
- Dilated pupils
- piloerection (goose bumps)
- Watery eyes
- Runny nose
- Loss of appetite
- Stomach cramps
- Profuse sweating
Heroin Legal Status: Heroin is an illegal substance
Heroin Short and Long-term Use:
Short-term effects: Apart from overdosing, the major issue with short-term use of any opiate is the way it is consumed. For instance, injecting heroin can cause skin, heart and lung infections, and diseases such asand HIV.
Long-term effects: There are some long-term heroin effects such as dependence, constipation, menstrual irregularity and infertility in women, loss of sex drive in men, intense sadness and cognitive impairment. Numerous other long-term issues may be the result of other factors, such as the person's poor general self-care, drug impurities and contaminants and blood-borne viruses. Heroin is generally a mixture of pure heroin and other substances, like caffeine and sugar. Additives can be extremely poisonous. They can lead to collapsed veins, tetanus, abscesses and damage to the heart, lungs, liver and brain.
Heroin Overdose Risk:
Fast Facts Children as young as 13 years old have been abusing heroin. According to statistics in 1999, heroin overdose has caused more fatalities than traffic accidents.
The 1999 National Household Survey on substance abuse (NHSDA) estimated that there were 149,000 new heroin users in 1998 and that almost 80 percent were under the age of 26.
Last year, there were about 84,000 admissions to emergency rooms in the US due to heroin drug abuse.
More than 80% of heroin users consume with a partner, yet 80% of overdose victims found by paramedics are alone.
The heroin addict uses between 150 - 250 milligrams per day, divided into 3 doses.
He/she spends between $150 to $200 daily to maintain a heroin addiction.
In 1998, 65% of the heroin confiscated in the country originated in South America, and 17% came from Mexico.
Information from the 1999 National Household Survey on substance abuse suggest purity is partly responsible for the 75% of new heroin users who are snorting or smoking, not injecting the opiate. In 1991 the amount of new users was 46%.
The 1999 NHSDA survey estimated the average age for initiation of heroin use to just above 21 years old. Other surveys, and experts have reported that several new users are between 18 to 25 years old.
According to Drug Abuse Warning Network, or DAWN, heroin and morphine accounted for 51% of substance fatalities ruled accidental or unexpected in 1999.
Out of the 11,651 deaths accidental and intentional by way of suicide reported to DAWN by medical examiners in 1999, the most recent year for which complete statistics are accessible, 4,820 were the result of heroin or morphine abuse, or some combination of those and other substances. In 2000, as part of DAWN's year-end emergency information report, heroin related emergency room admissions increased 15% from the prior year.
Drug rehab treatment admission percentages for primary heroin addiction, raised in publicly funded substance abuse treatment facilities across the nation between 1993 and 1999. In 1993, the treatment admission rate for primary heroin abuse in the country was 95 admissions per 100,000 individuals age 12 or older. By 1996, the admission rate had risen 7% to 102 per 100,000 and by 1999 it had boosted by another 3% to 105 per 100,000.
Relationship Between Heroin Consumption and Crime:
Heroin trends across the nation are indicators of the percentage of heroin abuse, heroin addiction, domestic violence and child abuse. The heroin trends for each state has a direct relation to the amount of heroin confiscated by federal authorities.