- Written by Marcel Gemme C.C.D.C
Prescription Drugs Addiction in Canada
Drug Rehab Services is a no-cost referral agency in Canada for drug and alcohol dependency. We have helped thousands of persons get the proper help with the following services:
- Prescription drugs detox
- NA meetings
- Residential treatment for Prescription drugs
- Prescription drugs outpatient rehabs
- Prescription drugs intervention
Our goal is to provide you the best advice possible for drug addiction clinics so you or a loved one gets a Prescription-drugs-free life. This page covers information on Prescription Drugs addiction in Canada.
What is Prescription Drugs Addiction?
Prescription drugs can be used for their medicinal nature, but they are unfortunately sometimes used for recreational activities. They are easier to get and so people often turn to prescription drugs in order to get high. Prescription drugs can be very addictive, and so people often start using them and have trouble stopping. People sometimes are actually legally prescribed medication for a true condition and end up with an addiction to the drug and unable to stop taking it.
Prescription-drug addiction is a very serious condition which can have a lot of unwanted consequences on the body and the mind. There are various symptoms, which come with prescription drugs addiction. Some of them include lying to get more medication, mood changes. The person will also be found to take a whole lot more medication than what is needed and might also start taking the prescription drugs of other people. The actual prescription-drug addiction can come from either recreational use or long-term medical use. That’s why prescription drugs are very dangerous.
Canada is one of the heaviest consumers of prescription drugs. The level of prescription drugs that are abused have been raising for a long time. This means that prescription-drug addiction is a serious problem in the country. In 2002, a study showed that there were seven percent more people that were using, a prescription drug, then there were people using heroin. From 2002 to 2004, there was an increase of one percent each year when talking about adults who use prescription drugs for recreational use.
In a study done on prescription-drug abuse and addiction, it was found that the country ranked fourth in the whole world. Canadians get prescribed drugs for a lot of conditions and so that raises the level of prescription-drug addiction. In 2005, it was noticed that prescription drugs have surpassed marijuana within the Canadian population. The Canadian study showed that prescription-drug addiction often starts at the hospital. It is usually needed at first, but it becomes hard to stop it after a while.
How can I find a Prescription Drugs Detox?
Prescription drug is more and more a problem in our society. Five years ago, our helplines were receiving an average of 10% of calls for prescription drugs abuse and addiction. Now it is over 33% of our calls that we get on abuse or addiction of prescription drugs and the majority of them were legally prescribed. However, there is help and there are solutions. One of our counselors will perform an assessment to find the proper prescription drugs addiction treatment so you can have a few options of treatment for you or a loved one. There are drug rehab centers which can help one solve their prescription-drug addiction.
Prescription Drugs Addiction Information
NEW CASA REPORT: CONTROLLED PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE AT EPIDEMIC LEVEL
WASHINGTON, July 7, 2005 – The amount of Americans who abuse controlled prescription drugs has almost doubled from 7.8 million to 15.1 million from 1992 to 2003 and abuse among teens has more than tripled during that time, according to a new report by The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University.
Under the Counter: The Diversion and Abuse of Controlled Prescription Drugs in the U.S., a 214-page CASA report detailing the discoveries of an exhaustive three-year study of prescription opiates (e.g., OxyContin, Vicodin), (CNS) depressants (e.g., Valium, Xanax) and CNS stimulants (e.g., Ritalin, Adderall), found that from 1992 to 2003, while the U.S. population increased 14 percent, the amount of 12 to 17 year old who abused controlled prescription substances jumped 212 percent and the number of adults 18 and older abusing such drugs climbed 81 percent.
The 15.1 million Americans abusing controlled prescription substances exceed the combined amount abusing cocaine (5.9 million), hallucinogens (4.0 million), inhalants (2.1 million) and heroin (. 3 million).
“Our country is in the throes of an epidemic of controlled prescription drug abuse and addiction,” said Joseph A. Califano, Jr., CASA’s chairman and president and former U.S. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare. “While America has been congratulating itself in recent years on curbing raises in alcohol and illegal drug abuse, and in the decline in teen smoking, abuse of prescription drugs has been stealthily, but sharply, rising.”
Among the report’s major findings:
· From 1992 to 2002, prescriptions written for controlled substances rose more than 150 percent, almost 12 times the rate of increase in population and almost three times the rate of increase in prescriptions written for all other drugs.
· From 1992 to 2003, the amount of individuals abusing controlled prescription drugs increased seven times faster than the rise in the U.S. population.
· From 1992 to 2003, abuse of controlled prescription substances increased at a rate twice that of cannabis abuse; five times that of cocaine abuse; 60 times that of heroin abuse.
· From 1992 to 2000 –
- The number of new opiates abusers grew by 225 percent; new tranquilizer addicted people, by 150 percent; new sedative abusers, by over 125 percent; new stimulant abusers, by more than 170 percent.
- The rise in new abusers 12 to 17 years old was far higher than among adults (four times greater for opioids; three times for tranquilizers and sedatives; two and one-half times for stimulants).
· From 1992 to 2002, new abuse of prescription opioids among 12 to 17 year olds was up to an astonishing 542 percent, over four times the rate of increase among adults.
· In 2003, 2.3 million 12 to 17-year-old (almost one in 10) abused at least one controlled prescription substance; for 83 percent of them, the drug was opioids.
· In 2003, among 12 to 17 year olds, girls were most likely than boys to abuse controlled prescription substances (10.1 percent of girls vs. 8.6 percent of boys).
Consequences of Abuse
The CASA report’s analysis of emergency-room admissions confirms the sharp rise in abuse of controlled prescription drugs and its consequences.
In 2002, controlled prescription drugs were related in 29.9 percent of drug associated emergency-room deaths. Opioids were implicated in 18.9 percent of such fatalities compared to 15.2 percent for cocaine, 12.6 percent for heroin and 2.6 percent for cannabis.
· In 2002, abuse of controlled prescription substances was related in at least 23 percent of drug-related emergency department admissions.
· Between 1994 and 2002, controlled prescription drug-related emergency room mentions rose by almost 80 percent, with opioid mentions jumping 168 percent, far more sharply than the increases of 48 percent for heroin and 39 percent for cocaine, and second only to the 198 percent increase in cannabis mentions.
Comprehensive Approach Needed
As a consequence of its findings, the CASA report calls for an all fronts effort to reduce the abuse of controlled prescription drugs, including a major public health education and prevention campaign, better training of physicians, pharmacists and other health care professionals, new laws and better law enforcement to close down rogue Internet sites peddling controlled prescription substances, Food and Drug Administration and pharmaceutical company efforts to reformulate controlled substances to make abuse more harder, improved treatment, and additional experiment.
The CASA report Under the Counter: The Diversion and Abuse of Controlled Prescription Drugs in the U.S., is based on three years of intensive work, including landmark surveys of doctors and of pharmacists, over 200 interviews, seven focus groups, a national conference on substance abuse and pain management, an extensive and unprecedented analysis of 15 national data sets by CASA’s Substance Abuse Data Analysis Center (SADAC), an Internet investigation by Beau Dietl & Associates, and a review of more than 2000 publications. CASA has used the latest information available, which varies among the national data sets. Highlights of the doctor and pharmacist surveys are attached.
CASA is the only national organization that brings together under one roof all the professional disciplines needed to study and combat all sorts of drug abuse as they affect all aspects of society. CASA has issued over 50 reports, has conducted demonstration projects focused on kids, families and schools at 89 sites in 41 cities in 22 states, and has been testing the effectiveness of drug and alcohol treatment, monitoring 15,000 individuals in more than 200 programs and five drug courts in 26 states. CASA is the creator of the nationwide Family Day initiative – the fourth Monday in September – that promotes parental engagement as a simple and effective way to decrease children’s risk of smoking, drinking and using illicit drugs.