Cocaine Addiction In Canada
Cocaine is a central nervous system stimulant which is obtained from the coca plant. The cultivation and distribution of this substance are illegal throughout the world. However, its illicit use remains worldwide in a number of social, cultural, and social settings. In many countries across the world, cocaine is a very popular recreational drug; its consumption remained very constant and did see an increase in the late 1990s and early 2000. In the United States, the cocaine market is estimated to be worth $70 billion in street value. Cocaine has immense popularity as a rich man's drug and is also popular in clubs and parties. Cocaine in its purest form is a white pearly like powder. Street market cocaine is commonly cut with other additives to increase its weight. The most common way of using powder cocaine is through snorting. The drug is absorbed through the mucus membranes and anything that is not absorbed is swallowed and is known as the drip. An injection is also another common way of using cocaine, and the effects of the drug are almost immediate. A cocaine detox or a drug rehab is vital to help someone in need of cocaine addiction treatment.
Cocaine Street Name: "coke," "C," "snow," "flake," or "blow."
Cocaine Description: Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant that directly affects the brain. Cocaine has been labeled the drug of the 1980s and '90s, because of its extensive popularity and use during this period. However, cocaine is not a new drug. In fact, it is one of the oldest known drugs. The pure chemical, cocaine hydrochloride, has been an abused substance for more than 100 years and coca leaves, the source of cocaine, have been ingested for thousands of years.
Pure cocaine was first extracted from the leaf of the Erythroxylon coca bush, which grows primarily in Peru and Bolivia, in the mid-19th century. In the early 1900s, it became the main stimulant drug used in most of the tonics/elixirs that were developed to treat a wide variety of illnesses. Today, cocaine is a Schedule II drug, meaning that it has a high potential for abuse.
There are basically two chemical forms of cocaine: the hydrochloride salt and the "freebase." The hydrochloride salt, or powdered form of cocaine, dissolves in water and when abused, can be taken intravenously (by vein) or intranasally (in the nose). Freebase refers to a compound that has not been neutralized by an acid to make the hydrochloride salt. The freebase form of cocaine is smoked.
Cocaine is generally sold on the street as a fine, white, crystalline powder. Street dealers usually dilute it with such inert substances as cornstarch, talcum powder, and/or sugar, or with such active drugs as procaine (a chemically-related local anesthetic) or with such other stimulants as amphetamines.
Cocaine Street Use: snorted, smoked, intravenous injection.
Cocaine Dependency: High risk
Cocaine Addiction Withdrawal Symptoms:
Cocaine withdrawal symptoms include but are not limited to:
- Intense craving for the drug
- Extreme fatigue
- Lack of motivation
- Muscle pain
- Disturbed sleep
Overdose Risk: The dosage and method of use that can cause a cocaine overdose differs from individual to individual. The effects of overdose are extremely intense and, usually, short in nature. Even though uncommon, fatalities have been recorded from a cocaine overdose due to: seizures, heart attack, brain hemorrhage, kidney failure, stroke, and repeated convulsions.
Cocaine Legal Status: Cocaine is an illegal drug. It can be administered by a doctor for legitimate medical uses, such as a local anesthetic for some eye, ear, and throat surgeries.
What is cocaine?
Cocaine was once a popular drug throughout Canada, but in the recent decade, the popularity of the drug has been on the decline, and the rate of cocaine use among the Canadian population is roughly under 1%. Today, the cocaine use in Canada is often concentrated among high-risk populations, and of course the weekend warriors or recreational users of the drug. Cocaine is a white powder, and its creation starts from the leaves of the coca plant to make the powder that is used, which in turn creates crack cocaine. Powder cocaine can be snorted through the nose, or it can be injected and freebase cocaine or crack cocaine can be smoked. Some addicts would also mix cocaine with other drugs such as opiates, and inject the mixtures, which does increase the risk for an overdose. When cocaine is used, it will cause increased energy, alertness and euphoria, along with an increase in body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate. Cocaine addicts are often agitated, paranoid, and the drug will continually suppress an appetite. A cocaine overdose will involve heart failure, seizure, or respiratory suppression, and large quantities have to be snorted or smoked to cause an overdose. Most cocaine overdose deaths occur because other drugs were involved such as alcohol, opioids, or benzodiazepines. The long-term use of cocaine is dangerous and will lead to weight loss, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, nasal and throat damage, cardiovascular problems, hallucinations, and seizures. Contact Drug Rehab Services for immediate help, if you or someone you know is struggling with a cocaine addiction, or if you have questions about what to look for.
What is Cocaine Addiction?
In Canada, cocaine addiction has been ravaging the population for many years now. In 2004, 10.6 percent of the population said they had used cocaine during their lives. And it also showed that two percent had used it recently, which means they are at risk of developing an addiction to cocaine. This is unfortunately 1.2 percent higher than in 1998. In 2002, the school-aged students got surveyed, and they found that the rates were twice as high for the boys as they were for the girls. A survey on the Canadian streets revealed that the rates of cocaine addiction were of 17.3 percent. This goes to show that young people in the streets struggle with cocaine addiction.
In the province of Quebec, there were, in 2004, about 2.5 percent of the population that had taken cocaine within the last year, some already have an addiction to cocaine. That’s higher than it was in 1998 by 1.6 percent. When it comes to teenagers, the rates have stabilized since 2000, with the boys’ rates being a bit higher than the girls. In 2003, a survey was done on young people that are on the streets of Montreal, over 80 percent had used cocaine at least once, and 11.2 percent said that they were actively using it. According to a statistic on the number of people hospitalized in Quebec due to cocaine addiction, 59 percent of those people were men.
In Ontario, the students of the province took part in a survey in 2004 and 2005. The results showed that the number of students who had used cocaine the preceding year had gone down a little but had overall stabilized; it went from 4.8 percent in 2004 to 4.4 percent in 2005. It also seems, according to surveys, that students in Grade 11 have higher rates than any other grades when it comes to past-year cocaine usage. 7.2 percent of Grade 11 students had used cocaine within the last year and 25 percent of those showed symptoms of cocaine addiction, such as regular use. Toronto has also seen an increase when it comes to cocaine use; it went from 1.1 percent in 1993 to 4 percent in 2003.
Cocaine is a very addictive drug and can come in many forms. Crack cocaine is one of the most popular kinds of cocaine and is also one of the most addictive. At first, people usually develop a psychological addiction because of the high that cocaine provides. However, as one goes on using cocaine, a physical addiction develops for the drug. This means that the more one goes on using cocaine, the harder it is to quit the drug and effectively fight their cocaine addiction.
Who is using cocaine in Canada?
Cocaine is a Schedule 1 drug as defined by the Canadian Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and possession, trafficking, and production of the drug will result in criminal charges and jail time. By the year 2013, only 0.9% of the general population in Canada who were age 15 and older, reported using cocaine in that year, which was down from the previous year at 1.1%. Within the Canadian population that were age 25 and over in 2013, only 0.6% used cocaine in that year; however, the use among youth and young adults who used cocaine that were ages 15 to 24, was 2.4% of the population within that year, with 20 to 24-year-olds making up the larger percentage. Within Canada, cocaine use since 2008 has steadily been on the decline but does still rank in the top three most-used substances behind alcohol and marijuana among the general population of Canada. Drug Rehab Services can help families, and cocaine addicts find suitable cocaine addiction treatment programs, youth treatment centers, and counseling services for anyone struggling with cocaine addiction. Today, the heavier cocaine use in Canada is primarily among the high-risk populations, such as the homeless, street-involved adults and the youth within urban centers. Surveys that were done between 2010 and 2012 found within the high-risk population that those who had injected drugs in the past six months; 64% of them had injected cocaine before the age of 16. Youth drug addiction is an on-going problem within Canada, but there are youth substance abuse treatment services throughout the country, and Drug Rehab Services can help families who have youth or teens struggling with an addiction. Among street entrenched, and recreational drug users in 2013, cocaine was the second most commonly used drug; for example, in Winnipeg, over 20% of street-entrenched adults was using cocaine, and within Toronto and Montreal, it was over 60%. Within Winnipeg, 40% of recreational drug users were using cocaine in 2013, and over 75% of recreational drug users in Vancouver were using cocaine. The cocaine use among street-involved youth in 2013 was over 40% in cities like Regina and reached over 60% in cities such as Halifax and Winnipeg.
Information On Detox & Treatment for Cocaine Addiction In Canada
Cocaine can be a divesting drug, and even more destructive when it is used with other drugs such as alcohol, opioids, or benzodiazepines. Cocaine addiction can be effectively treated, and Drug Rehab Services can help addicts find the proper addiction treatment programs, counseling services, support groups, detox, and therapy they may need. Most cocaine addicts will not think there is an issue; however, the average long-term cocaine user will have spent an enormous amount of money that will subsequently begin to cause significant problems within his or her life. Most cocaine addicts start with the recreational use, and will later progress into heavier use because the drug can offer a way to avoid the many problems, they may be facing in life. Depending on the type of addiction or the severity of use, families may want long-term or short-term residential treatment, outpatient drug rehabilitation is not always effective for cocaine addiction, but a substance abuse assessment can be done to determine the severity. Drug Rehab Services will help those who are looking for help be in contact with the proper treatment services they need for cocaine addiction.
In Canada, cocaine has been less popular with the arrival of prescribed medication such as painkillers, club drugs, etc. It's still a major problem regardless of the fact that it is less popular. Treatment for cocaine can be done on an outpatient basis in the case of mild addiction. A residential setting is more appropriate in the case of severe abuse of the drug. The treatment for cocaine addiction does not have to be done in a specialized setting as it does not require medical staff to detox the person from it.
Adverse Side Effects of Cocaine
Cocaine is a very strong central nervous system stimulant, and the effects can last from 20 minutes to several hours after use. The initial signs of use are hyperactivity, increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, and euphoria. Users of cocaine will experience a crash when they stop using the drug, and the detox symptoms will take place immediately. Cocaine addiction withdrawal typically lasts for two to three days, depending on the amount and frequency used. The user will spend most of the time getting caught up on sleep and also eating. It is safest for them to be in a cocaine detox or some sort of cocaine drug rehab to be taken care of while going through the withdrawal symptoms.
Some of the cocaine detox symptoms are:
- Mild paranoia
- Loss of appetite
- Slight insomnia
These symptoms do not pose any immediate threat to a person’s life, but chronic users who already have medical problems will be at risk from using cocaine and in some cases from detoxing off cocaine. If this is the case, immediate medical attention is required to prevent any major problems from occurring.
- As opposed to earlier beliefs, elevated dose use of cocaine can be detected as long as 10 to 22 days after last use.
- Almost half of all drug-related emergency-room visits are related to cocaine abuse.
- The annual amount of new cocaine users has generally risen over time. In 1975, there were 30,000 new users. The amount rose from 300,000 in 1986 to 361,000 in 2000.
- Percentage of cocaine use by college students during the previous five years has varied between 2.0% of all students in 1994 to 4.8% in 2000.
- Of high school seniors in 2001, 8.2% admitted having ever tried cocaine.
- From 1997 to 2000, cocaine was the most frequent substance reported in emergency-room episodes.
- Cocaine use among men is nearly twice then women. Based on additional information sources, the office of National Drug Control Policy estimates the number of chronic cocaine users at 3.6 million.
- Adults between 18 and 25 years of age currently have the highest rate of cocaine use than any other age group.
- 90% of cocaine users smoked, drank, or used cannabis prior to trying cocaine.
- In 1988, almost 300,000 kids were born with cocaine addiction.
Works Cited: http://www.toxquebec.com/