Crack Cocaine Addiction, Treatment And Detox in Alberta
Talk to any cocaine addict anywhere, including the province of Alberta and they all have one thing in common. No addict tried cocaine or crack cocaine to become addicted. No one wants to be an addict who steals from their friends and family to support their needs. So why do people even try cocaine in the first place? And an even bigger question is why do people go back to cocaine or crack cocaine after going through detox or rehabilitation?
There is a study going on in Alberta asking those exact questions. The results in their entirety are not in yet, but there are a few things that we already know.
Crack cocaine is very addictive from the first moment it is tried. This is because the rush or high from the crack is unlike any other. It is almost instantaneous but lasts a half-hour at best, and a few moments at worst. Someone who tries crack cocaine is forever chasing the high as it's called, trying to find the feeling they felt the first time they smoked it. That feeling is impossible, and an addict will kill themselves trying to get it.
There are many detox facilities and drug rehabilitation in Alberta that an addict can go to for help. The issue is navigating their way through the mounds of paperwork, red tape only to be met with a quite extensive waiting list. Crack cocaine addicts in Alberta, who do not want to wait sometimes for over a year to get into a government-sponsored facility, can go to a private facility; with financing in place for those who want faster help than the funded ones have room for. There are also agencies that assess the condition of the crack-cocaine addict and make a referral for free to the rehab facility that would serve the addict the best chance of recovery.
Crack cocaine addiction is widespread in Alberta, in particular, on the southern part of the province around the Calgary area.
Crack Cocaine General Information Alberta
Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug. The powdered, hydrochloride salt form of cocaine can be snorted or dissolved in water and injected. Crack is cocaine that has not been neutralized by an acid to make the hydrochloride salt. This form of cocaine comes in a rock crystal that can be heated, and its vapors smoked. The term "crack" refers to the crackling sound heard when it is heated.
Regardless of how cocaine is used or how frequently; a user can experience acute cardiovascular or cerebrovascular emergencies, such as a heart attack or stroke, which could result in sudden death. Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizure followed by respiratory arrest.
We can help you with drug rehabilitation in Alberta if you are looking for drug rehabilitation, crack treatment or a crack detox center. Alberta Drug Rehab Helpline is here to help you find an Alberta drug rehabilitation facility.
Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that interferes with the re-absorption process of dopamine, a chemical messenger associated with pleasure and movement. The buildup of dopamine causes continuous stimulation of receiving neurons, which is associated with the euphoria commonly reported by cocaine abusers.
Physical effects of cocaine use include constricted blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. The duration of cocaine's immediate euphoric effects, which include hyper-stimulation, reduced fatigue, and mental clarity, depends on the route of administration. The faster the absorption, the more intense the high. On the other hand, the faster the absorption, the shorter the duration of action. The high from snorting may last 15 to 30 minutes, while that from smoking may last 5 to 10 minutes. Increased use can reduce the period of time a user feels high and increases the risk of addiction.
Some users of cocaine report feelings of restlessness, irritability, and anxiety. A tolerance to the "high" may develop many addicts report that they seek but fail to achieve as much pleasure as they did from their first exposure. Some users will increase their doses to intensify and prolong the euphoric effects. While tolerance to the high can occur, users can also become more sensitive to cocaine's anesthetic and convulsant effects without increasing the dose taken. This increased sensitivity may explain some deaths occurring after apparently low doses of cocaine.
Use of cocaine in a binge , during which the drug is taken repeatedly and at increasingly high doses, may lead to a state of increasing irritability, restlessness, and paranoia. This can result in a period of full-blown paranoid psychosis, in which the user loses touch with reality and experiences auditory hallucinations.
Other complications associated with cocaine use include disturbances in heart rhythm and heart attacks, chest pain and respiratory failure, strokes, seizures and headaches, and gastrointestinal complications such as abdominal pain and nausea. Because cocaine has a tendency to decrease appetite, many chronic users can become malnourished.
Different means of taking cocaine can produce different adverse effects. Regularly snorting cocaine, for example, can lead to loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds, problems with swallowing, hoarseness, and a chronically runny nose. Ingesting cocaine can cause severe bowel gangrene due to reduced blood flow. People who inject cocaine can experience severe allergic reactions and as with any injecting drug user, are at increased risk for contracting HIV and other blood-borne diseases.
Added Danger: Cocaethylene
When people mix cocaine and alcohol consumption, they are compounding the danger each drug poses and unknowingly forming a complex chemical experiment within their bodies. NIDA-funded researchers have found that the human liver combines cocaine and alcohol and manufactures a third substance, cocaethylene, that intensifies cocaine's euphoric effects, while potentially increasing the risk of sudden death.