Kingsclear is a community in York County, New Brunswick, and is the administrative headquarters of the Kingsclear Maliseet First Nation band government. The Maliseet First Nation is an Algonquin-speaking First Nation and is indigenous people of the Saint John River valley and its tributaries. Within New Brunswick are more than 10,000 First Nations people, mostly Mi'kmaq and Maliseet. Within these communities are families and individuals who are struggling with addiction and substance abuse. Drug and alcohol rehab centers in Kingsclear First Nation, New Brunswick are typically culturally-based support, but there are different treatment options across the province. Anyone struggling with addiction will usually receive an addiction assessment, which benefits the family and the drug user. An addiction assessment helps narrow down treatment options and determines the extent of any substance use disorder.
The first step in the treatment process is detox, and there are two broad categories of detox, which are traditional detox and medical detox. Conventional detox programs treat most illicit street drug problems, mild alcohol addiction, and or mild prescription drug use. The detox process does not last long and could take a few days but is a necessary transition before counseling. Medically supervised detox programs in Alberta utilize withdrawal management, which is a process of administering medication to alleviate withdrawal symptoms. Medical detox is necessary for heroin addiction, pain medication addiction, severe alcoholism, or any form of prescription drug abuse. Following detox is the rehabilitation, which can be done at an inpatient or outpatient location. Long-term residential treatment provides effective treatment solutions, and these programs usually last three months or longer. Short-term residential treatment is the most commonly recognized treatment option, and programs last three to six weeks. Outpatient drug and alcohol treatment for First Nations are excellent options for patients who are still working or who have extensive family support. Outpatient treatment is traditional day programs, or there are intensive outpatient day programs.
Substance Abuse Trends Among First Nations
Drug and alcohol addiction impacts many First Nations communities across the country, along with some families living in New Brunswick. According to a Synopsis of First Nations Substance Abuse Issues, reports have indicated higher rates of emotional and physical abuse of family members, especially children, and elders. The First Nations communities across the country with higher than average percentages of drug addiction and chemical dependency have higher incidences of suicide, violent crimes, and other forms of abuse. First Nations communities across the country have reported epidemics related to opioids. Among First Nations youth aged 12 to 17, 1.3% reported using illegal or prescription pain medication, and 2.2% reported non-medical use of sedatives. Substance abuse treatment is essential, and there are some different rehabilitation options in New Brunswick. The purpose of rehabilitation is to address the underlying issues of the addiction. These are the reasons why the individual began using drugs or alcohol. The process rehabilitates the person to the individual they were before drugs and alcohol took over.