Methamphetamine Addiction In Canada
Methamphetamine was first synthesized from the drug ephedrine and then was soon crystallized into methamphetamine. Crystal meth or methamphetamine when it enters the brain, triggers many different hormones to be released creating intense euphoria. Methamphetamine users when going through methamphetamine withdrawal will typically experience excessive sleeping, eating and major depression accompanied by anxiety and drug cravings. A methamphetamine user will usually take other forms of sedatives such as benzodiazepine to help bring down some of the withdrawal symptoms during the detoxification period.
Meth Street Name: speed, meth, crystal, glass, ice, crank.
Meth Effects: Meth has a very strong and long-lived stimulant effect.
Meth Description: White/yellow/pink crystalline powder, clear liquid; ampoules (meth). Small whitish chips (ice). Most methylamphetamine is illicitly manufactured and as such is of questionable quality.
Meth Street Use: Smoked or injected
Meth Dependency: Tolerance to methylamphetamine develops quickly. The effects last from three to four hours. Prolonged use of methylamphetamine can lead to severe weight loss, insomnia, exhaustion, paranoid psychosis (this is generally drug-induced and as such will be resolved within a few weeks after drug-taking has stopped), aggression, dental problems, skin problems, and severe depression. Smoking "ice" over long periods causes severe psychotic episodes with both visual and auditory hallucinations, presenting not unlike schizophrenia.
What is Methamphetamine Addiction?
Methamphetamine addiction is a pretty significant problem all over the world, and Canada is no exception. According to official statistics, 4.6 % of the Canadian population have tried methamphetamine at least once. Although only 0.5% said to have used it in the past year, methamphetamine addiction is not to be overlooked. Methamphetamine is extremely addictive and so even using it just to try it can become a bigger problem.
British Columbia is one of the provinces most affected by methamphetamine addiction. The statistics show that this province has a meth addiction rate a bit higher than the country’s average. A survey was done on B.C. teenagers, and it was found that 4% of them have tried methamphetamine. This means that methamphetamine addiction in BC can easily become a problem. Often, using this drug once can lead to meth addiction right away.
In a 2003 survey done in the province of Quebec (province significantly affected by methamphetamine addiction), they found that almost 9 % of the young people of at least 15 years old had taken methamphetamine during their lifetime and 2.3 % of Quebec’s youth admitted to having taken methamphetamine during the last year. They also looked for the place where most methamphetamine addicts consume the drug, and more than 70% of meth abuse happens in raves. In 2004, over 10 % of people between the age of 12 and 17 years old said that they had taken amphetamines during the preceding 12 months. In Montreal, a study was done on the young people that live on the streets, and it showed that more than half of them had taken meth at least once.
Methamphetamine is a very strong stimulant drug and is truly addictive. In a lot of cases, they talk about instant meth addiction, which means that even after the first try, one becomes addicted to meth. Methamphetamine addiction is one of the most noticeable ones that can occur. Once one is struggling with meth, it is excessively hard to get off the drug because of the strong withdrawal effects. Therefore, meth addiction is handled in a detox or drug rehab center.
Information On Methamphetamine Detox In Canada
Methamphetamine is a very strong central nervous system drug that does have a very significant impact on the neurochemical mechanism responsible for such things as regulating heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, appetite, and mood changes. That is why it is safest to have the addict go to a meth detox facility.
Adverse Side Effects of Methamphetamine
Methamphetamine addiction has many side effects on the person during its intake and during the detox period. This can include but is not limited to:
- Restlessness, dry mouth
- Blurred vision
- Heart attack
One of the difficult things about a meth detox is the physical dependency a user can develop to the drug. The extent of a person’s tolerance to crystal meth is different from person to person. This can all depend on the frequency and duration of use throughout the addict’s drug history. Withdrawal is especially tough when an addict is injecting crystal meth, while not being life-threatening, it is a very intense withdrawal, and should be monitored closely. Make sure that the individual attends a drug rehab after his or her meth detox.
Crystal Meth Addiction Withdrawal
Crystal Meth is a psychostimulant and will cause severe long-term effects to the user. Most crystal meth users experience intense euphoria, making this drug highly addictive. Because of the chemicals used to make the drug, it will become very physically destructive to the user.
The detoxification and withdrawal symptoms associated with crystal meth will differ from user to user. It will depend on the amount, length of time, and frequency of use. The following symptoms can last up to 48 hours after the user has stopped:
- Physical and mental cravings
- Mental confusion
- Deep disturbed sleep
Crystal meth can become life-threatening for heavy and continuous users. This type of use will increase their risk of psychosis, physical, and mental damage. When they abruptly stop the drug, the following symptoms will take place:
- Long disturbed periods of sleep
- Intense hunger
- Moderate to severe depression
- psychoactive reactions
These symptoms can last between 7 to 14 days; however, can sometimes last longer with heavier users. Carefully monitored in a drug rehab program, or drug detox program, the user can successfully get through the withdrawal symptoms.
Works Cited: http://www.toxquebec.com/