Morphine Detox And Treatment In British Columbia
Morphine is an opiate that is derived from the poppy plant and is commonly prescribed to treat pain. Typically, when the drug is prescribed it is available as a tablet, syrup, injection, or a suppository. Morphine is often used before and after surgeries and to treat mild to moderate pain. Like any other opiate, it attaches to the opioid receptors in the body and changes the way a person experiences pain. According to the Canadian Center on Substance Abuse and Addiction (CCSA), opioid pain medication was used by approximately 13% of the Canadian population in 2017 and by 15% of the population in 2013.
Morphine is the primary alkaloid of opium and it was first obtained in 1805. During that time, it was the most potent analgesic but caused severe tolerance and withdrawal symptoms. Eventually, heroin was discovered from morphine as a less addictive alternative, which was not the case. Morphine today is the precursor is countless pain medications prescribed within Canada. Opiate addiction is a problem in British Columbia, and it was at its worse during the peak of the opioid epidemic in 2017. According to Statistics Canada, opioid use has emerged as a public health issue in Canada in recent years.
During 2018 approximately 40.5% of Canadians aged 15 years and older reported they had used a morphine or codeine product in their lifetime. Within the past year, roughly 12.7% of Canadians said they used opioid pain relievers. The prevalence of opioid medication use was highest among adults aged 50 to 64, both men and women. Within British Columbia, approximately 14.2% of residents reported using opioid medication in the past year and this was higher than the national average. Morphine has intense pain-relieving properties and the drug induces a feeling of euphoria, which causes the potential to misuse the drug.
Other prescribed opioid pain medication includes codeine, fentanyl, oxycodone, and hydromorphone. Morphine and other opioids would be prescribed to treat acute moderate to severe pain, chronic pain, moderate to severe diarrhea, and mild to a severe cough. The short-term effects of morphine are drowsiness, constipation, nausea, vomiting, euphoria, difficulty breathing, headaches, dizziness, and confusion. The regular and consistent use of morphine does amplify these effects and makes them worse. Some of the long-term effects include increased tolerance, developing an addiction, liver damage, worsening pain, and dangerous withdrawal symptoms created by tolerance. Even when prescribed morphine, the risk of physical dependence, addiction, and overdose is high.
The potential for abuse is high with morphine because of the physical and psychological dependence the drug creates. When you become addicted to morphine, there is an intense craving for the drug and a constant struggle with the withdrawal symptoms. Drug users eventually become emotionally and physically consumed by the drug. If the drug use is stopped abruptly, the person will experience withdrawal symptoms. Some of the withdrawal symptoms include chills, diarrhea, insomnia, sweating, body pain, nausea, irritability, and agitation. The severity of the withdrawal symptoms depends on how much of the drug was taken, which opioid was used, and how long the drug was used.
Morphine addiction in British Columbia requires proper withdrawal management, such as medical detox. The medical detox process does manage the withdrawal symptoms effectively and helps a patient make a smooth transition into a drug rehab program. Both long-term and short-term treatment centers operate across British Columbia and will help someone struggling with an addiction to morphine.