Morphine Detox And Treatment In Nova Scotia
Prescription opioids such as morphine are primarily used to treat acute and chronic pain. Morphine is often used during and after surgery. According to the Canadian Center on Substance Use and Addiction (CCSA), pain is one of the most common reasons for seeking health care. During 2012 approximately 15 to 29% of Canadians were struggling with chronic pain. Most Canadians who have chronic pain will turn to prescription opioids such as morphine. Opioids such as morphine were designed to reduce pain and improve function. However, morphine is a powerfully addictive drug and creates euphoria, which becomes addictive. Morphine was derived from the poppy seeds in the early 1800s and was later synthesized to make heroin. Pain medication prescribed today in Canada is made where morphine is the precursor.
Some of the recognized pain medication includes codeine, fentanyl, methadone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, meperidine, and oxycodone. Between 2014 and 2015, within the province of Nova Scotia, approximately 30% of treatment admissions to public programs were for opioid addiction. According to Statistics Canada, opioid use has emerged as a public health issue across the country. In 2016 there were over 2,800 opioid-related overdose deaths, and in 2018, over 40% of Canadians had reported they had used a pain medication at least once in their lifetime. During that same year over 12% of Canadians or around 3.7 million people self-reported using opioid pain relievers. Women in the country were more likely than men to use pain medication.
The prevalence of pain medication use was highest among those aged 50 to 64; however, opioid addiction does affect every age group in the country. Morphine is abused for its pleasurable effects and some of the common side effects include euphoria, reduced anxiety, and a relaxed or calming feeling. An addiction involving morphine happens quickly, and most addictions start with a prescription to the drug. The regular and long-term use of morphine does cause dependency and tolerance to build up within the body. Eventually, this requires the drug user to consume more of the drug to manage the withdrawal symptoms. However, this also increases the chance of an overdose because more significant amounts of morphine are being used.
Morphine is a central nervous system depressant , and when mixed with other CNS depressants, it does increase the chances of an overdose. For example, a typical mixture is alcohol and opioids, and this is a typical way that many addicts overdose. Countless non-fatal overdose deaths are experienced across Canada and in Nova Scotia because opioids are used with other drugs and alcohol. The combination of benzodiazepines and alcohol is a common mixture and even more deadly. It becomes impossible to know how much of each drug is being consumed the more intoxicated you become. The signs of a morphine addiction are dilated pupils, slurred speech, shallow breathing, doctor shopping, mood swings, and drug-seeking behavior.
Drug and alcohol treatment programs in Nova Scotia will help addicts who are struggling with an addiction to morphine and other similar drugs. Withdrawal management is essential to avoid dangerous withdrawal pain. The withdrawal process is done within a medical detox program, followed by lengthy inpatient drug rehab. The longer a recovering addict can work on his or her sobriety, the better off they are with maintaining it.