Morphine Detox And Treatment In Nunavut
Morphine is a powerful opioid medication that is used to treat varying levels of pain, such as before and after surgery, or to treat chronic pain. Within Canada, morphine is legally prescribed, but illegal morphine is classified as a Schedule I controlled substance under Canada Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. Morphine is an effective pain medication and is the primary alkaloid in the poppy seed. In its purest form morphine is ten times stronger than opium, and when it was first discovered in the early 1800s, it was used to treat many issues. However, people became addicted and dependent on it, and by the latter half of the 19th-century, heroin was synthesized from morphine. Heroin at the time was created to be a less addictive alternative to morphine, which was not the case. Today morphine is still used in the precursor for many different pain medications. Some of the common pain medication in Canada is codeine, fentanyl oxycontin and morphine.
Nunavut is Canadas largest territory and is comprised of a mainland and a scattering of islands. The territory has a sparse population and most of the population is living in the territory capital Iqaluit, which has a population of around 7,000 people. The cost of living within the city is high and despite tight regulations on alcohol, both illegally obtained alcohol and legal drugs find a way into the territory. Some residents within the territory do struggle with a dependency involving opioids. Most pain medication addictions start with a prescription for the drug. The prolonged use of morphine does cause drug dependency and a tolerance to develop. Essentially the person taking the drug requires more of it to maintain the levels within their body.
When morphine is used, it binds to the opioid receptors in the brain and pathways related to pain. Morphine also interferes with the way chemical messages in the brain are produced and distributed throughout the body. Morphine will also disrupt the natural process by causing excessive amounts of dopamine to be created, which then floods the brain. The continual abuse of morphine causes these changes to be more ingrained and long-lasting. Eventually, morphine becomes the primary way a person can feel any pleasure at all. Most dependencies involving morphine will tend to lead to drug-seeking behavior, which consists of the use of other drugs. Anyone who is dependent on morphine requires medical detox or some form of supervised withdrawal. Withdrawal management is essential in helping an addict overcome his or her addiction. Some addicts will choose medication-assisted treatment along with behavioral counseling.
According to Statistics Canada, opioid use in Canada became a public health emergency. In 2018 over 40% of Canadians aged 15 or older had used morphine or codeine as a prescription or illegally. During that same time, approximately 12% of Canadians reported they used pain medication. Women were more likely than men to use pain medication. However, among both sexes, the use of pain medication was lowest among those aged 15 to 17. The prevalence of opioid medication use was highest among those aged 50 to 64. Resources are limited within the Nunavut for treating addiction, yet, there are outpatient services and hospital inpatient services. Lengthy residential drug treatment is only gotten within parts of Alberta and British Columbia. An addiction to morphine does become worse when no treatment is obtained.