Morphine Detox And Treatment In Ontario
Morphine is a common pain medication used to treat varying levels of pain yet is a highly addictive pain medication. Morphine is the principal alkaloid of opium and it was first obtained from poppy seeds in the 1800s. Heroin is derived from morphine, and morphine is the precursor in many of the common pain medications prescribed in Ontario. Some of the common prescription pain medications in Ontario include codeine, fentanyl, morphine, oxycodone, hydromorphone, and heroin that may be used for medical reasons. Opioid medication is intended to treat pain; however, morphine is easily abused because of the euphoric effects it creates.
The prolonged use of morphine does lead to dependency and addiction. When prescription morphine is taken longer than required, the person will become physically dependent on the drug. A tolerance for the drug develops, which creates severe withdrawal pain. Stopping morphine abruptly at this point is dangerous due to the painful withdrawal symptoms. However, there are withdrawal management and medical detox programs in Ontario that will help a person through the difficult withdrawal symptoms. The withdrawal effects may include chills, diarrhea, insomnia, sweating body aches, nervousness, increased pain, agitation, and nausea. The severity of the withdrawal does depend on how much of the drug was taken, which opioid it is, and how long the drug was used.
According to the Canadian Center on Substance Use and Addiction (CCSA), a 2017 report found that between 2015 and 2016, one out of every seven people in Ontario filled an opioid prescription. The 2017 Canadian Guideline for Opioid Therapy and Chronic Non-Cancer Pain reported that opioids are associated with a 5.5% risk of addiction. An addiction to morphine happens quickly and most opioid addictions start with a prescription for pain medication. In 2017 opioid pain medication was used by approximately 13% of Canadians, and roughly 2% of them reported using pain medication for non-medical reasons. During 2016 there was over 2,800 opioid related deaths within the country.
Between 2014 and 2015, approximately 20% of the treatment admissions into public programs in Ontario involved opioids. Across Canada, opioids have emerged as a public health issue and are responsible for an increase in opioid-related harms and hospitalizations, along with deaths linked to opioids. According to Statistics Canada over 40% of Canadians over the age of 15 self-reported, they had used pain medication at least once in their life. During 2018 approximately 12% of the Canadian population was using opioid pain relievers, which was a decrease from 2017. The signs of someone using morphine include slurred speech, dilated pupils, nodding off, shallow breathing, legal issues, doctor shopping, and mood swings.
The proper treatment approach for a morphine drug addiction involves residential medical detox or withdrawal management. Across Ontario are numerous inpatient medical detox centers, many of which specialize in opioid addiction and dependence. Following medical detox inpatient and or outpatient drug rehab is necessary to ensure the underlying issues of the addiction are treated properly. Morphine tolerance develops quickly, requiring the drug user to take more. Without proper help, the risk of overdose increases drastically. Additionally, most opioid users are misusing other drugs whether prescription, alcohol or illicit drugs. The combination of morphine with alcohol, benzodiazepines and or illegal drugs does increase the risk of overdose.