Morphine Detox And Treatment In Quebec
Morphine is a commonly prescribed pain medication in Canada and is used during and after surgeries, along with managing varying levels of pain. Recognizing a morphine addiction is not easy, and it can be hard to tell if someone is misusing the drug. Most pain medication addictions start with a prescription to these medications. Most often, pain medication is taken longer than required, which leads to dependency and a tolerance for the drug. Anyone who is addicted to morphine will have developed a high tolerance for it. Some of the outward signs of morphine addiction include dramatic changes in behavior, such as mood swings, depressive feelings, and a sluggish mentality.
Morphine is the primary alkaloid of opium and was first obtained from poppy seeds in 1805. Heroin was derived from morphine, and the original purpose of heroin was for it to be a less addictive alternative to morphine. However, this is not the case and once heroin is injected into the bloodstream, it becomes morphine. Morphine is a common precursor in the pain medication prescribed in Canada. These pain medications include codeine, fentanyl, methadone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, and meperidine. Opioid addiction and the abuse of morphine has affected the residents of Quebec. Most opioid addicts in Quebec started with a pain medication prescription, which then escalated to an addiction. Morphine addiction is dangerous, and the abuse of this drug increases the chances of overdose.
According to Statistics Canada, in 2017, approximately 29% of Canadians aged 18 years and older reported using some form of opioids in the past five years. During that year, more than one-quarter of Canadians said they had left-over opioids in their homes. Most adolescents who start to misuse pain medication find left-over opioids in their parent's house. Parents or guardians must dispose of any unused pain medication properly. Some of the most common opioids in Canada are fentanyl, oxycontin, morphine, and codeine. During 2016 there was over 2,800 opioid related deaths across Canada. Most Canadians are aware of the dangers surrounding opioids but have them prescribed to treat pain.
According to the Canadian Center on Substance Use and Addiction (CCSA), pain is one of the most common reasons for seeking health care in North America. Back in 2012, approximately 15 to 29% of Canadians experienced chronic pain, where they needed prescription pain medication. During 2013 roughly 2% of Canadians who were receiving pain medication were misusing it. In 2018, approximately 12% of Canadians reported they used opioid pain medication, and women were more likely than men to report the use of pain medication.
Substance abuse treatment programs in Quebec will help those who are struggling with an addiction to pain medication. The proper treatment approach involves withdrawal management, followed by inpatient drug treatment. Withdrawal management is a medical process whereby the patient is weaned off the drug, and or the withdrawal symptoms are treated with medication. A common approach used in Quebec is medication-assisted treatment, which uses buprenorphine or suboxone in combination with behavioral counseling. This approach is only effective when it is done with therapy and counseling. Morphine addiction or any opioid addiction require lengthy rehabilitation and sobriety to ensure all aspects of the addiction are adequately treated.