Morphine Detox And Treatment In Saskatchewan
Morphine is a commonly prescribed pain medication and is derived from opium, and it is the primary alkaloid of opium and was first obtained from poppy seeds in the 1800s. Heroin was developed from morphine and the original purpose with heroin was for it to be a less addictive alternative to morphine. There are numerous pain medications used in Canada where morphine is the precursor, such as codeine, fentanyl, methadone, hydrocodone. According to the Canadian Center on Substance Use and Addiction (CCSA), opioid pain medication is used by 13% of the Canadian population, which was lower than 2013, where it was 15% of the Canadian population.
Additionally, in 2013 the Canadians who were using opioid pain medication, around 2% reported using them for non-medical purposes. Pain is one of the most common reasons for someone in Canada to seek health care. In 2012 between 15 and 29% of the Canadian population experienced chronic pain. Between 2014 and 2015, in Saskatchewan, around 40% of the treatment admissions into public programs were there for opioid addiction. Within Canada, opioid use has emerged as a public health issue and in recent years, the number of opioid-related harms and hospitalizations has increased. According to Statistics Canada, in 2018, close to 41% of Canadians had used pain medication once in their lifetime.
Morphine is abused for the pleasurable effects it creates, and most addicts start with a prescription to morphine. Some of the common side effects include euphoria, pain relief, drowsiness, reduced anxiety, false and unusual sense of well-being, and a relaxed or calm feeling. Abusing morphine increases the risk of overdose. The more tolerance a drug user has, the more they are at risk for an overdose. The signs of a morphine overdose include slurred speech, inattention, intense drowsiness, fever, elevated blood pressure, slowed breathing, and a decrease in responsiveness. An overdose involving morphine can lead to unconsciousness, coma and or slowed breathing to the point of death.
Addiction to morphine is dangerous, and there is several reasons why someone becomes addicted to the drug. An addiction to morphine typically begins with a tolerance, which requires the drug user to need more of the drug continuously. The effects of the morphine are not the same and this increased tolerance creates withdrawal symptoms, which makes it difficult to quit. Anyone in Saskatchewan struggling with an addiction to morphine can find help with effective withdrawal management. Most opioid drug users avoid becoming sober because of the withdrawal symptoms. However, withdrawal management and medical detox programs make the process much more comfortable to go through. Following a medical detox, the next step is an inpatient or outpatient drug treatment program.
In 2017 according to Statistics Canada, approximately 29% of Canadians aged 18 and older reported using some form of opioid in the past five years. Additionally, more than one-quarter said that they have leftover opioids stored at home. Most adolescents who start to use pain medication find unused medication within the home. It is crucial for parents or anyone else to dispose of these drugs properly and not leave them accessible to anyone. Early intervention is critical when preventing young people from becoming addicted to or abusing pain medication.