Morphine Detox And Treatment In Yukon
Morphine is a powerful addictive pain medication that was derived from the opium poppy plant, and it is the principal alkaloid from the poppy seed. In its purest form morphine is ten times stronger than opium. During the latter half of the 19th-century, heroin was synthesized from morphine and was thought to be a less addictive alternative. Within Canada, morphine is the precursor to many different pain medications. According to the results of a 2017 opioid awareness survey, some of the most common opioids in Canada are fentanyl, oxycontin, morphine, and codeine. Morphine is prescribed to treat varying levels of pain, such as chronic pain, acute pain, and mild to severe pain. Like any other opioid, morphine is not meant for long-term use. The prolonged use of morphine does lead to dependency and tolerance, which creates dangerous withdrawal symptoms.
Much of the population of the Yukon is in the city of Whitehorse, with approximately 75% of the people of the territory living there. The next largest town in the territory is Dawson with about 1,300 residents. Within the city of Whitehorse are families who are struggling with substance abuse and some problems do involve opioids. The territories have been impacted by the opioid epidemic that swept across the country. According to the Opioid Awareness Survey just over three-quarters of Canadians aged 18 and older were aware of the opioid issue facing the nation. Most Canadians were made aware of the problems through the media, friends, family, and drug awareness campaigns. Roughly seven in ten Canadians reported being aware that drugs obtained illegally may have fentanyl in them.
Synthetic fentanyl has been linked to countless overdose deaths across the nation. Much of the problem involves other drugs laced with fentanyl and illegal pain medication that was also cut with fentanyl. In 2017 approximately 29% of Canadians reported using some form of opioids in the past five years. More than one-quarter of Canadians said they have left-over opioids within their home. Most adolescents who experiment with opioids or misuse them find unused prescriptions within the home. Close to 89% of Canadians reported they were aware of the problematic use of opioids, which leads to a fatal overdose. The number of fatal opioid-related overdose deaths in the Yukon is not nearly as high as the province. However, based on the current population, they are still a staggering number of unnecessary deaths.
Morphine is manufactured in liquid form, tablet, capsule, suppository, or as an injectable. Intravenous drug use is dangerous with illegal morphine. Drug users increase their risk of contracting a disease such as hepatitis and HIV/AIDS. Morphine is designed to block the sensation of pain and calm some of the functions of the central nervous system . The drug will slow the heart rate down, blood pressure and cause respiratory depression. It is at this point where the person using morphine can experience a fatal or non-fatal overdose if they do not get help right away. Morphine binds to the opioid receptors in the reward circuitry of the brain. The drug also interferes with how chemical messages are produced in the brain. The drug disrupts the natural process by creating an excessive amount of dopamine, which floods the brain.
Morphine addiction is effectively treated with withdrawal management or medical detox. Within the Yukon are public health services and hospital inpatient programs to help opioid addicts safely withdrawal from the drugs they are using. Along with this are some outpatient services and short-term inpatient help. However, any lengthy residential program is accessed in Alberta or British Columbia. Morphine addiction or abuse requires extensive treatment and help to ensure an addict can maintain his or her sobriety long after treatment is complete.