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Opioids are a broad range of naturally occurring or manufactured synthetic compounds that are generally used for pain management. All opioids produce the same effects, and their potency is the primary difference between them. The drug enters the body and binds to opioid receptors increasing the amount of these receptors to manage pain.
These drugs are addictive because they create physical and psychological dependence. The body becomes tolerant and dependent on the drug, eventually leading to addiction. Opioids create an intense euphoric effect that can also create drug-seeking behavior.
The first step is a medical detox to manage dangerous withdrawal symptoms. Opioid dependence requires medical detox to alleviate withdrawal pain before therapy. Following medical detox, the next phase of treatment should involve long-term residential drug rehab. Most opioid addicts have a long history of addiction and require lengthier treatment.