Opium Detox And Treatment In New Brunswick
Opium is the first substance in a diverse group of opiates and the poppy culture dates back over five thousand years. Opium has a long history of being used as a sedative and hypnotic drug and was eventually deemed addictive. Opium is extracted from the poppy plant as a milky substance called latex, which is then air-dried and made into a brown powder resin. The primary and more prevalent alkaloid in latex is morphine. During the second half to the 19th century, after countless people were becoming addicted to morphine, heroin was created and was to be considered a less addictive alternative. Since the creation of morphine, it has been used as a precursor in numerous pain medications being prescribed today. When opium is produced it is a sticky dark brown gum with a strong odor, and it is also manufactured into a liquid or solid resin.
The most common way to use opium is smoking it, yet it can also be injected or brewed into a tea and consumed. The main effects of opium are caused by its collection of alkaloid or opiates. The effects of opium last for two to three hours, but this depends on the batch and the tolerance of the individual. Prescription pain medication abuse has impacted countless communities across New Brunswick. For example, in 2017, the Mi’kmaw leaders in Esgenoopetitij, New Brunswick, began facing an opioid crisis. On April 11th in 2017, five people overdosed in one day and after the RCMP had the pain pills tested, it was confirmed they contained fentanyl. A community of 1500 people was severely impacted by these drugs and lives were lost.
Treating an addiction involving opiates is not easy, and many addicts make more than one attempt at treatment before they achieve sobriety. However, the most effective process for treating opiate addiction starts with a medical detox or proper withdrawal management. Within New Brunswick are some medical detox programs and services to help opiate addicts. Some drug users will choose medication-assisted treatment, which prescribes buprenorphine or suboxone along with behavioral counseling. Lengthy residential treatment is essential and proper aftercare to ensure a recovering addict can maintain his or her sobriety. Overcoming opiate addiction takes time and more access is always needed to programs and services that will treat the addiction and the underlying problems.