Opium Detox And Treatment In Nova Scotia
Opium is a central nervous system depressant and impacts the messages that are sent between the body and the brain. Opium is derived from the poppy plant and was traditionally cultivated in the Mediterranean and Asia. The opium poppy is one of the oldest plants in recorded history dating back five thousand years. When opium is extracted from the plant, it is a milky exudate called latex and is then air-dried and manufactured into a brown powder or resin. Opium looks like a sticky dark brown gum and is also made to be a liquid or powder that is used to make tea. The primary and more prevalent alkaloid in opium is morphine, which is responsible for the harmful effects. Heroin is created from morphine and morphine is the precursor in countless pain medications prescribed in Canada.
The effects of opium last for two to three hours, but this will depend on the characteristics of the batch and the drug user’s tolerance. Essentially, opium affects everyone differently, and it is based on the person’s size, weight, health, the amount taken, the strength, and whether other drugs are taken at the same time. Opium induces effects such as euphoria, relaxation, and analgesia. Like any other type of opioid, there is an inherent risk of overdose, whether fatal or non-fatal. In 2012 a 19-year-old man in Nova Scotia was found dead by his family after drinking a poppy seed tea. A product that is marketed online and easily purchased off the internet is potentially deadly. Seed pods from opium plants are used to make tea. The seeds are taken out and ground up to a powder and then boiled in water to make a tea. However, the opium levels in every seed pod vary greatly and the risk of overdose is high.
Opioid addiction has impacted all of the Maritimes, and many families in Nova Scotia have struggled with loved ones addicted to opiates. Some treatment options within the province will help, such as medical detox, inpatient care, and outpatient programs. The most successful form of treatment is a lengthy residential program, but proper withdrawal management must happen first. The detox process is essential to ensure an opiate user can safely stop taking the drugs they are using. Most opiate addicts struggle to become sober because of physical cravings and withdrawal pain. Following residential treatment, an aftercare process will help maintain sobriety. Typically, peer support groups and or sober living homes are excellent options to help recovering addicts work on their sobriety.