Over The Counter Drugs Detox And Treatment In Nunavut
Over the counter drugs is any medication that is purchased by the consumer without a prescription from a doctor in Nunavut. There are different kinds of over the counter drugs with various active ingredients. Commonly abused over the counter drugs include cough suppressants, decongestants, diet pills, caffeine pills, and pain relievers. Over the counter drug abuse causes short-term and long-term effects. The short-term effects include impaired judgment, nausea, loss of coordination, headaches, and loss of consciousness. Other short-term effects include abdominal pain, irregular heartbeat, seizures, panic attacks, and euphoria. The long-term effects become more severe and will lead to addiction, restlessness, insomnia, high blood pressure, coma and even death.
The abuse of over the counter drugs does cause addiction, dependency, and withdrawal symptoms. Depending on the type of over the counter drug used, some of the withdrawal symptoms include excitability, agitation, weakness, stomach cramps, and nausea. Over the counter drugs are generally safe; however, when they are misused, the person will experience various physical and psychological effects. For example, DXM or dextromethorphan is an active ingredient in cough medicine. Large amounts of DXM will cause psychoactive effects, especially when mixed with other drugs such as alcohol. Adolescents choose DXM because it is easily accessible and found in grocery stores, pharmacies, and convenience stores in Nunavut. The adverse side effects of DXM abuse include hallucinations, impaired judgment, nausea, dissociative states, and slurred speech.
Caffeine pills are abused because they help people stay awake, and the misconception of being focused. There are numerous brands of caffeinated products, such as coffee, energy drinks, and caffeine pills. Large amounts of caffeine pills will lead to overdose and other health problems. The symptoms of caffeine overdose are increased thirst, irregular heartbeat, vomiting, dizziness, hallucinations, convulsions, confusion, and breathing problems. Pseudoephedrine is the active ingredient in most nasal decongestants and relieves symptoms associated with colds, allergies, and hay fever. The side effects of pseudoephedrine include weakness, dizziness, stomach pain, nausea, breathing problems and irregular heartbeat.
According to an article in DATAC, trafficking and drug-related crime are prevalent in the cities within the territories but are also present in isolated and remote communities. Drugs and alcohol are abused, and it is not uncommon for alcohol to be used with over the counter drugs. The illicit drugs that are trafficked into the territories are sold by organized crime groups based in Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec. Drug and alcohol treatment programs in Nunavut will help anyone struggling with an addiction to over the counter drugs. The treatment services include inpatient programs, counseling, group therapy, peer support, and family therapy programs. There are not extensive choices for residential treatment. However, residents of Nunavut can access treatment in Northern Alberta and British Columbia.