Painkiller Addiction Rehabilitation Services in Manitoba
Painkillers are both prescription drugs and over-the-counter medication, which are all used to alleviate some type of pain. Over-the-counter painkillers are anti-inflammatories, and acetaminophen and prescription painkillers are often always opioids. However, anti-anxiety medications, anti-depressants, and anti-seizure drugs have also been used as painkillers. The most addictive type of painkiller is opioid analgesics, which are prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain. Within Canada, there are six different opioids that make up more than 96% of all opioid prescriptions. These are hydromorphone, morphine, fentanyl, oxycodone, codeine, and tramadol. Four of these drugs are considered strong opioids and are prescribed to treat severe pain, per the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). Painkiller addiction is a problem that many residents of Manitoba struggle with. The average painkiller addiction starts with a prescription to some type of pain medication. The problem begins with a dependency on the drugs because they are misused or taken longer than required. A dependency for painkillers leads to a tolerance for them, which must be met with more painkillers. If the person using the medication stops taking it, they will then experience withdrawal symptoms.
Anyone struggling with a painkiller addiction in Manitoba should be reaching out for help. Local treatment resources throughout the state can help those who are addicted to or dependent on pain medication. The treatment process is different for each person, but it should start with medical detox. The average person taking painkillers will not be able to stop taking them without the help of a medical professional. This means that they may have to be tapered off the drugs or put through medical detox. Medical detox will use other medications to alleviate withdrawal symptoms. For example, medication-assisted treatment for opioid addiction uses either buprenorphine or suboxone to help opioid addicts. While theses opioid medications have their use during treatment, they should not be relied on as the only treatment approach. Any type of painkiller detox or treatment is only as effective as the counseling and therapy the patient is receiving with it. Medical detox programs in Manitoba offer counseling, but the patient will have to then transfer into a residential drug rehab center for more in-depth help.
Prescription painkillers are widely used throughout Manitoba, per the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). In 2016 there were 7,379 daily doses of prescription painkiller prescribed per 1000 population in the province. Roughly 15 to 29% of the Canadian population experience chronic pain, and close to 13% of the population are taking pain medication. Whether the painkiller is prescription or over-the-counter, they have the potential to be abused. Prescription painkillers have a much higher risk of abuse than non-prescription and are far more addictive. Finding the right help for painkiller addiction is important, and resources throughout Manitoba can help treat the addiction or dependency.