What Are the Common Painkillers in Canada?
There are many different prescription opioid painkillers used in Canada. For example, this would include buprenorphine, codeine, fentanyl, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, methadone, morphine, oxycodone, oxymorphone, and tramadol. There are long-acting and short-acting pain medication or painkillers. Long-acting drugs provide relief over a longer period, and short-acting drugs create short-term relief from pain. Prescription opioid painkillers pose a risk to those who abuse them. Some of the common side effects include nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, itching, dry mouth, and constipation. Other side effects are dizziness, confusion, hallucinations, delirium, urinary retention, and respiratory depression. There are three main groups of opioids that Health Canada talks about. There are naturally occurring opioid painkillers, that is made from the liquid harvested from the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy flower, such as morphine and codeine. Semi-synthetic opioid pain killers are made by modifying the chemical structure of a naturally occurring opioid, such as heroin and oxycodone. Synthetic opioids are compounds that are manufactured to create chemicals such as meperidine, and methadone.
Opioid painkillers in Canada are regulated under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. This offers the control of substances that can alter mental processes and that may produce harm to health and to society when diverted or abused. Regulations require the pharmaceutical industry, which includes the manufacturers, wholesalers, and distributors to submit reports to Health Canada about a loss or theft of opioid painkillers. Health Canada monitors the drugs closely and requires drug manufacturers to maintain current risk information about each drug. The current opioid epidemic has caused prescribers to become stricter, however, it is still possible to get illegal opioids in most parts across Canada.